INCI: Haematococcus pluvialis Extract
% : 10
APPEARANCE: Deep Reddish Oil
Astaxanthin is rich in Carotenoids, also known as Vitamin A, it is a strong antioxidant in eliminating free radicals that cause premature aging.
ROS causes lipid peroxidation of the skin top layer (stratum corneum) which reduces the natural barrier function. Astaxanthin scavenges the ROS in the skin surface which ultimately helps reduce moisture loss and keeps skin smooth.
astaxanthin also reduces UVB induced inflammation probably via the NF-kB kinase dependant pathway. The less stressed the skin is the better
.Astaxanthin is a fresh algae which is said to be much more effective than vitamin C and vitamin E in eliminating free radicals that cause premature aging. A little goes a long way with this extremely powerful antioxidant ingredient. to make your own antioxidant skincare cream, add a few drops at a time to your base cream until you have the color you desire.
it also assists skin renewal by minimizing effects of ROS.
Too much ROS will break down the collagen matrix and increase levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) leading to wrinkle formation and loss of elasticity.
Usage Rate: 0.2 - 10%